Maku is a city in the frontier region of West Azerbaijan province. It is a mountainous city in which everybody enjoys an important geographical and strategic position that is 1,634 meters above sea-level. It shares borders with Turkey and the Azerbaijan Republic. In fact, the city is situated across Bazargan border and on the route of passengers traveling to Turkey via land; Maku Trade-Industrial Free Zone is 500 thousand hectares in extent which has turned it into the second largest free zone in the world after Shanghai Free-Trade Zone. The zone is an important economic, cultural and historical centre of Iran. Maku is a tourist centre as well as a Trade-Industrial Free Zone and its historical sites attract many tourists to this city each many people visit this city daily. The huge rocks surrounding Maku have added beauty to the city’s landscape and remind visitors about the ancient castles. One of the most attractive and huge cathedrals has been built near the city. The Monastery of Saint Thaddeus is an ancient Armenian monastery in the mountainous area of West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Also, it is known as the Black Church that is located about 20 kilometers from the town of Chaldoran where the capital of the county is Siah Cheshmesh ‎‎ or Qara Aineh. Armenians hold that Qara Kelisa is the world’s first church and was constructed in 68 CE by one of the apostles of Jesus, Saint Thaddeus, who traveled to Armenia to preach the teachings of Christ. Qara Kelisa has been registered as the historical-cultural heritage of Iran at UNESCO.

Other Maku’s historical is the Chapel of Dzordzor. It is part of an Armenian monastery located in Maku County, on Zangmar River near the village of Baron. The Chapel of Holy Mother of God is the only part of the monastery still stands today. The construction of this chapel cross surmounted in the center of a drum dome dates back to the 9th to 14th centuries. In agreement with the Armenian Apostolic Church, the building was relocated 600 meters by the Iranian authorities in 1987-1988, following the decision to build a dam on the Zangmar River, to avoid being inundated in the dam reservoir. The chapel is on the World Heritage List of UNESCO since July 6, 2008, alongside St.Thaddeus and St. Stepanos monasteries.

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