Abyaneh or red village is a village in the central district of Natanz County in Isfahan Province. It lies 40 kilometers northwest of Natanz in the Karkas mountainside. Due to its local architecture and various historical monuments, Abyaneh is one of the famous villages of Iran. Given the evidence found in Abyaneh, the village dates back to antiquity, but its golden age was during the Safavid era. The word ‘Abyaneh’ has been derived from the word ‘viona’ meaning ‘Willow Grove’ (in the local dialect ‘vey’ means willow).
The existence of several historical monuments as well as some ancient traditions among the people of Abyaneh led to the registration of this village in Iran’s National Heritage on August 21, 1975 under the registration number of 1089.
Abyaneh is mainly watered by the River of Barzrud and has a cold climate. It enjoys numerous springs creating suitable conditions for agriculture. Seven qanats assist in the irrigation of the fields. The main agricultural products generated in the region are wheat, barley, potatoes and fruit such as apples, pears and apricots. As of late, carpet weaving has also become popular in the Village.
The exclusive culture and tradition of Abyaneh inhabitants are the other reason for its reputation. The native people have completely protected the values and traditions of their ancestors. And you can still see the traditional costume and local clothing in this village and the native people speak their own local dialect.