Sheikh Safi al-Din Khanegah and Shrine Ensemble
Ardebil

This is the tomb of Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili which in 2010 has been registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Sheikh Safi who was a super leader of an Islamic Sufi order and the ancestor of Safavi kings was born in Ardabl. The tomb mosque with its mausoleum and prayer hall is situated at a right angle of the mosque. The buildings in the complex surround a small inner courtyard (31 by 16 meters) that they are opened to a garden. After Sheikh Safi’s death in 1334, the Mausoleum of Sheikh Safi has been built by his son Sheikh Sadr al-Din Musa. It has been constructed between the beginning of the 16th century and the end of the 18th century. The mausoleum has a tall domed circular tower decorated with blue tile. Also, it has some sections that they have used with a variety of functions in the past. The sections contain a library, a mosque, a school, a mausoleum a cistern, a hospital, kitchens, a bakery and some offices. They incorporate in a route to reach the shrine of the sheikh that divided into seven segments which mirror the seven stages of Sufi mysticism. Various parts of the mausoleum are separated by eight gates which represent the eight attitudes of Sufism. Several parts were gradually added to the main structure during the Safavid dynasty. Safavid sheikh and their harems as well as, victims of the Safavids’ battles particularly the Battle of Chaldiran have been buried in the site.

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