Abyaneh or red village is a village in the central district of Natanz County in Isfahan Province. It lies 40 kilometers northwest of Natanz in the Karkas mountainside. Due to its local architecture and various historical monuments, Abyaneh is one of the famous villages of Iran. Given the evidence found in Abyaneh, the village dates back to antiquity, but its golden age was during the Safavid era. The word ‘Abyaneh’ has been derived from the word ‘viona’ meaning ‘Willow Grove’ (in the local dialect ‘vey’ means willow).

The existence of several historical monuments as well as some ancient traditions among the people of Abyaneh led to the registration of this village in Iran’s National Heritage on August 21, 1975 under the registration number of 1089.

Abyaneh is mainly watered by the River of Barzrud and has a cold climate. It enjoys numerous springs creating suitable conditions for agriculture. Seven qanats assist in the irrigation of the fields. The main agricultural products generated in the region are wheat, barley, potatoes and fruit such as apples, pears and apricots. As of late, carpet weaving has also become popular in the Village.

The exclusive culture and tradition of Abyaneh inhabitants are the other reason for its reputation. The native people have completely protected the values and traditions of their ancestors. And you can still see the traditional costume and local clothing in this village and the native people speak their own local dialect.

Shushtar is one of the oldest cities of Iran which is located in Khuzestan Province and crosses the large river Karun (in past, people called Pasitigris). At the 2012 census, its population was 192,361. It is an ancient city that is situated at the foot of Zagros Mountains, approximately 92 kilometers (57 miles) away from Ahvaz, the capital of the province. Archeologists considered some old tools such as knives, spears, and Etc that have been found there, also they believed that human inhabited in this land about 7000 years ago. In addition, During the Sassanian era, it was an island city on the Karun River and selected as the summer capital. Shushtar infrastructure included water mills, dams, tunnels, and canals that Gar Gar weir was built on the watermills and waterfalls. Bolayti canal is situated on the eastern side of the watermills and waterfalls that the functions are related to supply water from behind the Gargar Bridge to the east side of watermills and the water of the river in order to prevent damage to the watermills. This system (Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System) has been registered in UNESCO’s list of World Cultural Heritage Sites in 2009, referred to “as a masterpiece of creative genius.” This city has a hot semi-arid climate with extremely hot summers and mild winters. Rainfall is higher than most of southern Iran. Furthermore, Shushtar New Town is one of the most well-known housing projects in contemporary Iranian architecture.

Maku is a city in the frontier region of West Azerbaijan province. It is a mountainous city in which everybody enjoys an important geographical and strategic position that is 1,634 meters above sea-level. It shares borders with Turkey and the Azerbaijan Republic. In fact, the city is situated across Bazargan border and on the route of passengers traveling to Turkey via land; Maku Trade-Industrial Free Zone is 500 thousand hectares in extent which has turned it into the second largest free zone in the world after Shanghai Free-Trade Zone. The zone is an important economic, cultural and historical centre of Iran. Maku is a tourist centre as well as a Trade-Industrial Free Zone and its historical sites attract many tourists to this city each year.so many people visit this city daily. The huge rocks surrounding Maku have added beauty to the city’s landscape and remind visitors about the ancient castles. One of the most attractive and huge cathedrals has been built near the city. The Monastery of Saint Thaddeus is an ancient Armenian monastery in the mountainous area of West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Also, it is known as the Black Church that is located about 20 kilometers from the town of Chaldoran where the capital of the county is Siah Cheshmesh ‎‎ or Qara Aineh. Armenians hold that Qara Kelisa is the world’s first church and was constructed in 68 CE by one of the apostles of Jesus, Saint Thaddeus, who traveled to Armenia to preach the teachings of Christ. Qara Kelisa has been registered as the historical-cultural heritage of Iran at UNESCO.

Other Maku’s historical is the Chapel of Dzordzor. It is part of an Armenian monastery located in Maku County, on Zangmar River near the village of Baron. The Chapel of Holy Mother of God is the only part of the monastery still stands today. The construction of this chapel cross surmounted in the center of a drum dome dates back to the 9th to 14th centuries. In agreement with the Armenian Apostolic Church, the building was relocated 600 meters by the Iranian authorities in 1987-1988, following the decision to build a dam on the Zangmar River, to avoid being inundated in the dam reservoir. The chapel is on the World Heritage List of UNESCO since July 6, 2008, alongside St.Thaddeus and St. Stepanos monasteries.

Kandovan village، Osku is one of the three rocky villages in the world and one of the most beautiful tourist attractions in the East Azarbaijan province. This village gains its reputation for rocky houses that look like a beehive. An interesting point about this natural miracle is that the Kandovan village has been made by volcanic eruptions belonging to Mount Sahand and other volcanic mountains of the region during thousands of years. The lava material from volcanic mountains is thrown out and accumulated over the years and due to natural effects like wind and rain deformed and transformed into what can be seen now. It might be surprising if you are told that no building materials such as lime, brick, and timber are used in constructing these houses and they were created only by curving rocks. In fact, this architectural style is an example of a human struggle with nature and due to this extraordinary architecture and texture, the village has been registered as national heritage. What distinguishes Kandovan Village from its similar examples is that 117 families are living in this rocky houses and its habitat are occupied with rural jobs such as agriculture, Animal husbandry, and handicraft making. In spite of what might look, these rocky houses have different parts, such as living room, dining room, kitchen, electricity and even plumbing system. Since many tourists visit this beautiful village every year and considering the location of the Kandovan Village as one of the tourist destinations in the East Azerbaijan, the rocky hotel of Laleh Kandovan has been established to serve the visitors of this region.

Jolfa is a city in and capital of Jolfa County in East Azerbaijan Province. Its population is around 4,983 in 1,365 families. It is located in the north of Tabriz, separated by the Aras River from its northern neighbor and namesake, the town of Jolfa in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The employed population of the city work in service, administrative, transport, customs, banks and insurance as well as in other trade and urban activities. The majority of the rural population is farmers.

The St. Stepanos monastery is an Armenian church about 15 km northwest of Jolfa city, East Azerbaijan Province northeast Iran. It is situated in a deep canyon along the Aras River on the Iranian side of the border between Azerbaijan and Iran. It was built in the 9th century and rebuilt in the Safavid era after several earthquakes damaged it. The name of the church is driven from the name of the first martyr of the Christian world.

The well-preserved St. Stepanos Monastery, a UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the magnificent churches built between the 10th and 12th centuries. This remarkable structure is known for its beautiful exterior design. The carved stones on the outer walls are examples of fine art. The general structure mostly resembles Armenian and Georgian architecture and inside the building is covered with beautiful paintings.

The cylindrical building with its cone-shaped dome is surrounded by a fortress with seven towers; it has a bell tower and a courtyard as well. The unique landscape surrounding the church has given it a great potential to attract a lot of visitors to the site.

This city is the capital of Ardabil Province. At the 2011 census, its population was 564,365, in 156,324 families, that the dominant majority is ethnic Azerbaijani who inhabitant in Iran. Ardabil is known for its silk and carpet trade traditionally therefore Ardabil rugs and carpets are renowned in the world. It has been politically and economically important throughout history, especially within the Caucasus region. The city is located on an open plain 1,500 meters (4,900 ft.) above sea level and the east of mount Sabalan (4,811 m). In the city, a vast number of fantastic sites are accessible to visit that undoubtedly, Tomb of sheikh Safi-al-Din is one of the wonderful, ancient and historical places in the city which is considered as a world heritage site.

popular attractions in Ardebil:

Sheikh Safi al-Din Khanegah and Shrine Ensemble

This is the tomb of Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili which in 2010 has been registered on the UNESCO… read more

Shorabil Lake

The lake is inside the city of Ardabil. And also it is one of the most important natural… read more 



The lake is inside the city of Ardabil. And also it is one of the most important natural attractions of Ardabil. The surface of the lake is 640,000 m², and is covered with a thin white layer of minerals which are useful in healing skin diseases. Some people believed that Mineral-rich water of Shorabil has great impacts on some diseases; because of this many tourists visit the lake for medical reasons. This lake is definitely worth visiting and even camping for one or two nights when you are on the North-East of Iran. Shorabil Lake which has healing minerals and a picturesque landscape is a site and the main habitat for migratory birds.

The lake’s water was used to be salty, but the addition of fresh water has reduced its salinity. The basin was covered with mud and high concentrations of salt and other minerals so that no fish could survive. In 1998, the government of Ardabil started diluting the lake water by linking rivers from the surrounding area. After almost 2 years they also started growing a kind of fish called “Qezel- Ala” in the lake which is famous for having pink meat and wonderful taste. The originally salt rarely allowed any species grow in it. For that, some sweet-water rivers were linked to the lake and reduced the amount of salt. Now, lots of salmons are living in Shorabil Lake. The lake is also home to pelicans, crowned, golden eye ducks, gooses, storks, and herons in different times of the year.

This is the tomb of Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili which in 2010 has been registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Sheikh Safi who was a super leader of an Islamic Sufi order and the ancestor of Safavi kings was born in Ardabl. The tomb mosque with its mausoleum and prayer hall is situated at a right angle of the mosque. The buildings in the complex surround a small inner courtyard (31 by 16 meters) that they are opened to a garden. After Sheikh Safi’s death in 1334, the Mausoleum of Sheikh Safi has been built by his son Sheikh Sadr al-Din Musa. It has been constructed between the beginning of the 16th century and the end of the 18th century. The mausoleum has a tall domed circular tower decorated with blue tile. Also, it has some sections that they have used with a variety of functions in the past. The sections contain a library, a mosque, a school, a mausoleum a cistern, a hospital, kitchens, a bakery and some offices. They incorporate in a route to reach the shrine of the sheikh that divided into seven segments which mirror the seven stages of Sufi mysticism. Various parts of the mausoleum are separated by eight gates which represent the eight attitudes of Sufism. Several parts were gradually added to the main structure during the Safavid dynasty. Safavid sheikh and their harems as well as, victims of the Safavids’ battles particularly the Battle of Chaldiran have been buried in the site.

Varzaneh desert located in east of Isfahan near Nain, it is about 110 km from Isfahan. Varzaneh tour is one of best desert tour in Iran and desert trekking in such a desert is something really unforgettable.

Varzaneh desert tour surely will give you a good feeling especially about people hospitality, pure nature and long history of the area. Keep in mind people is Varzaneh and sourounded area still speak middle Persian language that goes back to pre-Islamic era (official language in Sassanid Empire) and their tradition dont change a lot during the centuries. Sleeping a night in desert can be a different experience that give you freshness. Hot and dry environment make a spectacular views of the stars on earth. Walking on the Varzaneh desert at night feels like being on Mars.

In addition, walking on sand dunes, watching pigeon tower, camel mill, are some of activity during Varzaneh tour.

Ameri House was built during the Zand era for Agha Ameri, the governor of Kashan, who was responsible for maintaining the security of the route between Tehran and Kashan. It is one of the numerous historical houses of Kashan. It is located in the old neighborhood of the city and attracts a lot of guests both as a touristic site and a luxury hotel. In both ways, the house gives you a realistic picture of the lifestyle of wealthy families in the 18th century.

Its total area is about 9 000 square meters and includes 85 rooms, seven courtyards, and two bathhouses. As all Iranian houses of that period, Ameri House includes two parts – public or “birooni’, used for guests and men, and private or “andarooni”, used by women and servants. The house also has several chambers with three doors and one seven-door hall called Shahneshins.